Teachers and Students
Pre Band Lessons for the Flute
With all wind instruments, posture is first and far most. Sitting up straight must be the primary goal of the student. Start by sitting up straight on the edge of the seat. Position yourself to the corner of the chair. To ensure proper breathing technique, hold both elbows out and away from the body.
Now, sitting is important, but breathing is equally important. Breathing should be dealt with from the diaphragm muscles.
To begin with - standing is the best way to get maximum expansion of the longs. Stand on your tip toes with your back to the wall and your hands pointing straight above you - as if pointing to the ceiling. With your lips perked and your jaws not puffing, take a deep breath of air. Slowly and forcefully, push the air out while cupping the air at the center of the lips.
Think of the air as filling up a jug of water - the water will go to the bottom of the jug. That’s where the muscles pull open the lungs.
To strengthen the diaphragm muscles, push the air out with a long duration. Relax for a moment and repeat the motion. Allow yourself to rest after a short while of doing the exercise.
KEEP THE PAPER ON THE WALL EXERCISE
Tare a piece of paper from the edge of the sheet at about the size of a fifty cent coin. To force the paper on the wall, while blowing against it, hold it on the wall and let it go. While not puffing your jaws and directing the air stream on the center of the paper, keep the paper on the wall with the air. Relax for moment and repeat the exercise.
FLUTE MOUTHPIECE EXERCISE
Take the flute mouthpiece from the case and leave the remaining pieces in the case and close it. Use only the flute mouthpiece for this exercise.
Place the mouthpiece on the edge of your lip. Slide the mouthpiece from the left to the right until the whole is at the center of the lip. To cover the end of the mouthpiece, take the right hand and position it over the end. The sound is formed in the same way a it is when one blows across a Coke bottle. While making sure the jaws are not puffed, blow across the mouthpiece to make a low sound. Make a high sound by removing the right hand from the mouthpiece. Do this exercise by counting to eight and resting for eight. The secret to music is repetition.
1. What is music?
2 What is music written on?
3. What is a staff?
4. Name the lines and spaces of the treble clef.
5. Name the lines and spaces of the bass clef.
6. What is the letter name for the treble clef?
7. What is the letter name for the bass clef?
8. How many letters are there in the music alphabet?
9. Name the letters of the music alphabet.
10. What is a bar line?
11. What is a double bar line?
12. What is a measure?
13. What is ledger line?
14. Name the parts of a note.
15. How many counts does a whole note receive?
16. How many counts does a half note receive?
17. How many counts does a quarter note receive?
18. How many counts does an eighth note receive?
19. What is a rest?
20. How many counts does a whole rest receive?
21. How many counts does a half rest receive?
22. How many counts does a quarter rest receive?
23. How many counts does an eighth rest receive?
24. What is 4/4 time?
25. What is 3/4 time?
26. What is 2/4 time?
27. What is 2/2 time?
28. What is a dotted note?
29. What is a repeat sign?
30. What are sharps, flats and naturals?