Paul A. Batiste Conservatory of the Arts, Inc.
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Music Theory

Teachers and Students

Pre Band Lessons for the Flute

Objectives

With all wind instruments, posture is first and far most.  Sitting up straight must be the primary goal of the student.  Start by sitting up straight on the edge of the seat.  Position yourself to the corner of the chair.  To ensure proper breathing technique, hold both elbows out and away from the body.  

Now, sitting is important, but breathing is equally important.  Breathing should be dealt with from the diaphragm muscles.  

DIAPHRAGM EXERCISES 

To begin with - standing is the best way to get maximum expansion of the longs.  Stand on your tip toes with your back to the wall and your hands pointing straight above you - as if pointing to the ceiling.  With your lips perked and your jaws not puffing, take a deep breath of air.  Slowly and forcefully, push the air out while cupping the air at the center of the lips.

Think of the air as filling up a jug of water - the water will go  to the bottom of the jug.  That’s where the muscles pull open the lungs.

To strengthen the diaphragm muscles, push the air out with a long duration.  Relax for a moment and repeat the motion.  Allow yourself to rest after a short while of doing the exercise.

KEEP THE PAPER ON THE WALL EXERCISE

Tare a piece of paper from the edge of the sheet at about the size of a fifty cent coin.  To force the paper on the wall, while blowing against it, hold it on the wall and let it go.  While not puffing your jaws and directing the air stream on the center of the paper, keep the paper on the wall with the air.  Relax for moment and repeat the exercise.

FLUTE MOUTHPIECE EXERCISE

Take the flute mouthpiece from the case and leave the remaining pieces in the case and close it.  Use only the flute mouthpiece for this exercise.

Place the mouthpiece on the edge of your lip.  Slide the mouthpiece from the left to the right until the whole is at the center of the lip.  To cover the end of the mouthpiece, take the right hand and position it over the end.  The sound is formed in the same way a it is when one blows across a Coke bottle.  While making sure the jaws are not puffed, blow across the mouthpiece to make a low sound.  Make a high sound by removing the right hand from the mouthpiece.  Do this exercise by counting to eight and resting for eight.  The secret to music is repetition.

1. What is music?

  • Music is the universal language.

2 What is music written on?

  • Music is written on a staff.

3. What is a staff?

  • A staff has 5 lines and 4 spaces..

4. Name the lines and spaces of the treble clef.

  • The lines and spaces of the treble clef are: EGBDF and FACE.

5. Name the lines and spaces of the bass clef.

  • The lines and spaces of the bass clef are: GBDFA and ACEG.

6. What is the letter name for the treble clef?

  • The letter name for the treble clef is G.

7. What is the letter name for the bass clef?

  • The letter name for the bass clef is F.

8. How many letters are there in the music alphabet?

  • There are 7 letters in the music alphabet.

9. Name the letters of the music alphabet.

  • The letters of the music alphabet are ABCDEFG.

10. What is a bar line?

  • Bar lines divide the staff into measures.

11. What is a double bar line?

  • Double bar lines end the music or a section of the music.

12. What is a measure?

  • A measure is the space between two bars.

13. What is ledger line?

  • Ledger lines extend above and below the staff.

14. Name the parts of a note.

  • The parts of a note are the head, stem, flag, and the beam.

15. How many counts does a whole note receive?

  • A whole note receives 4 beats.

16. How many counts does a half note receive?

  • A half note receives 2 beats.

17. How many counts does a quarter note receive?

  • A quarter note receives 1 beat.

18. How many counts does an eighth note receive?

  • An eighth note receives ½ beat.

19. What is a rest?

  • A rest denotes silence.

20. How many counts does a whole rest receive?

  • A whole rest receives 4 beats.

21. How many counts does a half rest receive?

  • A half rest receives 2 beats.

22. How many counts does a quarter rest receive?

  • A quarter rest receives 1 beat.

23. How many counts does an eighth rest receive?

  • An eighth rest receives ½ beat.

24. What is 4/4 time?

  • 4/4 is common time or 4 beats to the measure and the quarter note receives the beat.

25. What is 3/4 time?

  • 3/4 time is 3 beats to the measure and the quarter note receives the beat.

26. What is 2/4 time?

  • 2/4 time is 2 beats to the measure and the quarter note receives the beat.

27. What is 2/2 time?

  • 2/2 time is cut time or 2 beats to the measure and the half note receives the beat.

28. What is a dotted note?

  • A dot increases the value of a note by ½ of its value.

29. What is a repeat sign?

  • A repeat sign means play between the sign twice.

30. What are sharps, flats and naturals?

  • Sharps, flats and naturals are accidentals.
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